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Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #14 (Last in series)

Lesson 14:  Leviticus 26-27    

BLESSINGS AND CURSINGS (Leviticus 26)

The Blessings for Obedience to God (Lev. 26:1-13)

Twice as much space is devoted to warning as to blessing in this chapter. Adversity, the promised fruit of disobedience, is a tool which God uses, not to inflict revenge but to lead His people to repentance (vv. 40–42). National chastisement would be increasingly severe until the people confessed their iniquity. Notice the progression in verses 14, 18, 21, 24, and 28.

After warnings against idolatry (v. 1), sabbath-breaking, and irreverence (v. 2), the Lord promised the following blessings to the nation if it would keep His commandments: rain, fertility (v. 4), productivity, security (v. 5), peace, safety (v. 6), victory over enemies (vv. 7, 8), fruitfulness, and the presence of the Lord (vv. 9–13). Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #13

Lesson 13:  Leviticus 25    

THE SABBATICAL YEAR AND THE YEAR OF JUBILEE 

The legislation in chapters 25–27 was given to Moses on Mount Sinai and not from within the tabernacle (Lev. 25:1; Lev. 26:46; Lev. 27:34).

Lev. 25:1-7 Every seventh year was to be observed as a sabbath. The land was to lie fallow (uncultivated). Food for the people would be provided from the crop that grew of its own accord. The owner was not to harvest it, but leave it for free use by the people.  This shows how the physical needs of the people were supplied during the Sabbatical year. The land was so productive that it was not necessary to plant each year. The ground in Israel produced enough to supply the needs of the owner, his servants, and the stranger. Even the cattle could survive and probably grew fat by grazing on the untilled land. God took care of both man and beast, Israelite and stranger, rich and poor during the year of rest. They were all given enough to eat. However, they could not harvest anything to market it. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #12

Lesson 12:  Leviticus 24

CEREMONIAL AND MORAL LEGISLATION

Leviticus 24:1-9 Pure oil of pressed olives was to be burned in the gold lampstand before the Lord continually. The people of Israel were to furnish the olive oil, and since the seven lamps burned continually, both day and night, this was no small item. This gave each Israelite, as well as the tribe of Levi, an interest in the service of the tabernacle. The olive oil was to be pure, free from leaves and all impurities. It was not to be pressed out, but beaten out, to produce the very finest grade. The best was to be used, for the oil speaks of the Holy Spirit.  The lamps were to be kept lit continually while the tabernacle was set up. (Obviously, when they marched in the wilderness, they did not hold up lighted lampstands) And we note that Aaron alone controlled the use and the service of the lampstand. “And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations” (Exod. 30:7-8). Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #11

THE FEASTS OF THE LORD

The Sabbath (Lev. 23:1-3)

The religious calendar of Israel now becomes the subject of God’s legislation. The Lord told the children of Israel through Moses to proclaim the feasts of the Lord as holy convocations.

After six days of labor, the seventh day, or Sabbath, was to be a day of rest from work. This was the only weekly holy day. The weekly Sabbath cannot properly be labeled one of the feast days. It is pre-Mosaic and goes back to the original creation. It was repeated to Israel, and in Deuteronomy an additional reason for its observance is given. “And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day” (Deut. 5:15). Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #9

Lesson 9:  Leviticus 19

Laws of Everyday Life

We are in that section of the book where the Ten Commandments are explained in terms of the social life of the nation. I can’t think of anything more practical than this particular section. God’s Law is designed to tell us this one thing: “… Ye shall be holy: for I the Lord your God am holy” (Lev. 19:2). This was fundamental and basic to all facets of the life of Israel. It explained everything which God commanded or demanded. It entered into every part of their daily routine. Holiness in daily life with all of its relationships was paramount in the everyday living of God’s people. That is something that needs to be reemphasized today, by the way. This is not just theory. God intended it to be brought right into our everyday lives. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #8

Lesson 8:  Leviticus 17-18                

LAWS CONCERNING SACRIFICE (Leviticus 17)

This chapter had direct application to the wilderness march and the period that Israel was camped about the tabernacle. It has to do with ethical rather than ceremonial considerations. Clean domestic animals for food were to be slain at the tabernacle. Only verses Lev. 17:8-9 in this chapter have to do specifically with the ceremonial offering of a sacrifice to God. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #7

Lesson 7:  Leviticus 16              

THE DAY OF ATONEMENT

This chapter holds the greatest spiritual lesson for us. The subjects treated so far in Leviticus have been offerings, priests, and sin. None of these have dealt finally and completely with sin. We now come to that which more completely than any other deals with the subject of sin. It at least points more specifically and adequately to the work of Christ in redemption. It is a shadow of His redemptive work. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #6

Lesson 6:  Leviticus 11-15

THE CLEAN AND THE UNCLEAN (Chaps. 11–15)

The next five chapters deal with matters of ceremonial cleanness and uncleanness. For the Jews there were acts that were not morally wrong but nevertheless barred them from participating in the rituals of Judaism. Those who became defiled were ritually unfit until they were cleansed. A holy people must be holy in every area of life. God used even food to illustrate the difference between what is clean and unclean. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #5

Lesson #5   –  Leviticus 8, Leviticus 9 and Leviticus 10        

Read Leviticus 8:1-17

In Exodus 28, and Exodus 29, God gave Moses elaborate instructions for consecrating Aaron and his sons as priests. Now, in Leviticus 8, Leviticus 9 and Leviticus 10, we read how Moses carried out these instructions. He called together the assembly—priests and people—at the door of the tabernacle. It was a very public service.

Moses washed both Aaron and his sons with water. Next Moses dressed Aaron in the complete vestments of the high priest: the tunic, the sash, the robe, the ephod, the band of the ephod, the breastplate, the Urim and the Thummim, the turban and the holy crown. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #4

Leviticus 6:8-30 thru Leviticus 7:1-38      

LAWS OF THE OFFERINGS

The section from 6:8 to 7:38 presents “the law of the offerings.” In many ways, it is very similar to what has gone before. However, it is addressed to the priests whereas the previous instructions were for the children of Israel (1:2).

6:8–13 The law of the burnt offering: Additional details are given here concerning the garments worn by the priest, the manner in which he disposed of the ashes from the burnt offering, and the care he must exercise to see that the fire on the altar never went out. The ashes were first placed at the east side of the altar, and then carried outside the camp to a clean place. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #3

Lesson 3:  Leviticus 4 thru Leviticus 6:1-7      

Read Leviticus 4:1-35

The sin offering (Heb., hattã’th) was appointed for a redeemed people. It does not speak of a sinner coming to the Lord for salvation, but of an Israelite, in covenant relationship with the Lord, seeking forgiveness. It has to do with sins committed unconsciously or unintentionally.  See 1 John 1:5-10.

The offering itself: There were different grades of offerings, depending upon the person who sinned: The anointed priest—that is, the high priest, if he by sinning brought guilt on the people (Lev. 4:3)—brought a young bull without blemish; the whole congregation (Lev. 4:13) brought a young bull also; a ruler (Lev. 4:22)  brought a kid of the goats, a male without blemish; an ordinary person (Lev. 4:27) brought a female goat, without blemish (Lev. 4:28), or a female sheep, without blemish (Lev. 4:32). (The Hebrew wording here indicates full-grown animals.) Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson #2

Lesson 2 includes Leviticus Capters 2 and 3  

Read Leviticus 2

The grain offering (in Hebrew, minhāh) was of meal flour, or grain.    There were various types of grain offerings, as follows: fine flour, with oil and frankincense poured on it (Lev. 2:1). This was not cooked, but a handful of it was burned on the altar (Lev. 2:2). There were three different types of bread or cakes: (a) baked in the oven (Leviticus 2:4); (b) baked in a flat pan (Lev. 2:5); (c) cooked in a covered pan (Lev. 2:7). There were also kernels of grain representing firstfruits of harvest, roasted in fire (Lev. 2:14). Verse 12 refers to a special meal offering (Lev. 23:15-21) which was not to be burned on the altar because it contained leaven. Continue Reading Here

Leviticus Bible Study – Lesson 1 and Introduction

Lesson 1:  Introduction and Chapter 1  

Introduction

“There is no book, in the whole compass of that inspired Volume which the Holy Ghost has given us, that contains more of the very words of God than Leviticus. It is God that is the direct speaker on almost every page; His gracious words are recorded in the form wherein they were uttered. This consideration cannot fail to send us to the study of it with singular interest and attention.”  —Andrew Bonar

J. N. Darby once warned of the dire results if believers grow bored with holiness. Holiness is the main theme of Leviticus, and this book certainly is the hardest one for many Christians to read. Of course, if the instructions are merely taken as details of ancient Jewish sacrificial rituals and laws to maintain holiness in everyday life and separation from pagan peoples, the blessing will be limited. Once you see, however, that every detail of the sacrifices pictures the perfection of Christ’s person and work, there is much to meditate upon. Continue Reading Here